The History of Roulette: From 18th Century France to Global Casinos


Roulette is one of the oldest and most popular casino games in the world. Its origins can be traced back to 18th century France, where it was first played by the aristocracy. Over the centuries, the game has evolved and spread around the world, becoming a staple of casinos everywhere.

The Early Days of Roulette

The Early Days of Roulette

The first version of roulette was invented in France in the late 1700s. It was created by a mathematician named Blaise Pascal, who was trying to invent a perpetual motion machine. While he failed in that endeavor, he did come up with a game that would become one of the most popular in history.

The early version of roulette had 36 numbered pockets, plus a single zero pocket. The game was played on a table with a spinning wheel, and players would bet on which pocket the ball would land in. The original version of the game had a house edge of 2.7%, which is still the standard for European roulette today.

The Spread of Roulette

As the game gained popularity in France, it began to spread to other countries. In the 1800s, it made its way to Germany, where it became known as “Roulette” (which means “little wheel” in French). From there, it spread to other European countries and eventually to the United States.

In the US, the game was modified to include an additional pocket with a double zero. This increased the house edge to 5.26%, which is still the standard for American roulette today. The game became hugely popular in Las Vegas and other gambling meccas, where it remains a staple of casino floors to this day.

The Evolution of Roulette

Evolution of Roulette

Over the years, roulette has undergone many changes and variations. In addition to the American and European versions, there are also French and mini versions of the game. In recent years, online and mobile versions of the game have become increasingly popular as well.

Despite all of these changes, the basic rules of roulette have remained the same. Players still bet on which pocket the ball will land in, and the house still has a built-in advantage. But despite its simplicity, the game continues to captivate players around the world.

The Future of Roulette

As technology continues to advance, it’s likely that we’ll see even more changes and variations of roulette in the years to come. Virtual reality and augmented reality versions of the game could be next, allowing players to step into a digital casino and interact with the game in new and exciting ways.

But no matter how the game evolves, one thing is certain: roulette will always be a beloved classic in the world of gambling.


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